Hong Kong. Truly a Mega City. Hong Kong is not only a vibrant city with international reputation, it actually is an autonomous territory, officially called the “Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China”. It is located on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary, south of the mainland Chinese Province of Guangdong.
Hong Kong was formerly a colony of the British Empire. The entire territory was returned to China in 1997, when it became a Special Administrative Region of China. Under the principle of "one country, two systems", Hong Kong maintains a separate political and economic system apart from China. It retains independent executive, legislative, and judiciary powers.
With over 7.3 million inhabitants in a territory of 1,100 km², Hong Kong is the fourth-most densely populated region on the planet. Along with Macau, Guangzhou and several other major cities in this region, Hong Kong forms a core part of the Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region, one of the most populated areas in the world. Its Human Development Index ranking is among the top 15 and the territory features the world's longest life expectancy.
As the world's seventh-largest trading entity, Hong Kong is one of the most significant global financial centers and consistently ranking as the most competitive and freest economic area in the world. Apart from that, the territory of Hong Kong features the most skyscrapers on the planet, surrounding Victoria Harbour, which lies in the center of the city's dense urban region.
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